1845116046, Few doctrines in Islam have engendered as much contention and disagreement as those surrounding the imamate, the office of supreme leader of the Muslim community after the death of the Prophet. In the medieval period while the caliphate still existed, rivalry among the claimants to that most lofty position was particularly intense. The early 5th/11th-century Ismaili da'i Hamid al-Din al-Kirmani worked for most of his life in the eastern lands of the Islamic world, principally within the hostile domain of the Abbasid caliphs and the Buyid amirs.At a critical point he was summoned by the da'wa to Egypt where he taught and wrote for several years before returning once again to Iran and Iraq. About 405/1015, just prior to his move from Iraq to Cairo, he composed a treatise he called Lights to Illuminate the Proof of the Imamate (al-Masabih fi ithbat al-imama) in the bold hope of convincing Fakhr al-Mulk, the Shi'i wazir of the Buyids in Baghdad, to abandon the Abbasids and support the Fati
1908105399, Piping the Morning Stars - One man's celebration of reaching the much fabled age of forty. Instead of a party, a collection of poetry and prose, which should not leave you with a hangover, but, maybe, if you allow it to, will open your mind to seeing things differently. In poetry, love and laughter, moon light walks and viewing the world differently...In prose, the chance to see 'outside the box'. It is all here. All in all, a typical Tubbs's magical mystery tour, as more than one early morning stroll with him has been described! You have been warned!
023027885X, There has never been more awareness of the public health agenda, as policy-makers stress the importance of 'wellbeing'to the general public. But how can wellbeing be defined and measured? Should the promotion of wellbeing lie at the heart of all policy and legislation? Charting the history and evolution of the public health agenda, this insightful reader argues the place of wellbeing in local and national strategy. It identifies some of the critical events that have influenced the development of public health systems, and looks at the challenges for policy- makers and professionals in the formulation and delivery of effective strategies for the future. With contributions from academics and practitioners working within the public, voluntary and private sectors, the book explores the challenges of defining and promoting wellbeing: * across the lifespan, from childhood and youth to older age * through a range of approaches, such as town planning and partnership working * within a variety